Cow can also digest plastic: Scientists have discovered a group of bacteria in the stomach of a cow, which has the power to digest 3 types of plastic; Austrian scientists claim
Cow can also digest plastic. Scientists have found a group of bacteria in the stomach of a cow that can digest plastic. These bacteria digest the plastic reaching the stomach by breaking it into pieces. This claim has been made by scientists from the Austrian University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences.
Scientists say that a group of bacteria is found in the rumen reticulum of the cow, which also works to digest food. The rumen reticulum is a part of the cow’s digestive system.
Bacteria effective in digesting three types of plastic
To understand this, researchers used three types of plastics. The first was polyethylene terephthalate. It is a synthetic polymer used in the packaging and textile industries.
Another plastic is polybutylene adipate terephthalate, which is used to make plastic bags. The third plastic was polyethylene furanoate.
These bacteria use many enzymes
Scientists experimented on all three types of plastics by taking rumen liquid from the slaughterhouse. An attempt has been made to understand to what extent the bacteria present in the liquid can dissolve it. Research revealed that this bacterium is capable of breaking down all three types of plastic.
Scientists say that the bacteria present in the stomach of the cow use many special enzymes. This is the reason why it is effective in breaking down plastic.
Scientists have just done this research on a small scale in the lab. He believes that now research will be done on a large scale to find out how eco-friendly these bacteria are.